Al-Qaeda expands in Africa while world leaders target ISIS in Middle East
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The al-Qaeda in the Maghreb terror group (outlawed in Russia) is quietly expanding in North Africa by merging with local terrorist groups at a time when global attention is focused on defeating Daesh in the Middle East, according to a report by the private intelligence firm Soufan Group on Friday.
The report cited a March 2 video statement by leaders of several prominent North African terror groups pledging allegiance to al-Qaeda’s central leader Ayman al-Zawahiri, as well as al-Qaeda in the Maghreb leader Abu Musab Abdel Wadoud.
The merger also highlights al-Qaeda’s ability to navigate the complex tribal and ethnic dynamics of local militant groups while patiently building relationships based on mutual support one of the enduring tenets of Osama bin Laden’s ideology, the report explained.
In the Sahel region, which separates the Sahara desert from the rest of Africa, local militant Islamist groups tend to form around shared tribal or ethnic identities, the report noted.