Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid
Established By: Abu Bakar Baasyir
Also Known As: Jemaah Anshorut Tauhid, JAT
Country Of Origin: Indonesia
Leaders: Abu Bakar Baasyir
Key Members: Abu Bakar Baasyir, Mochammad Achwan
Operational Area: Indonesia
Number Of Members: 1,500–2,000
Involved In: Suicide bomb attacks, Terrorist attacks
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Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid (Jemaah Anshorut Tauhid or JAT) is a splinter cell of the Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) designated as a terrorist organization by the United Nations and the United States. The latter is most known for perpetrating the 2002 Bali bombings.
Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid was formed by Abu Bakar Baasyir on 27 July 2008 in Solo, Java, Indonesia and has bases across Indonesia including in Aceh and Central Sulawesi.
Campaign of violence:
-In September 2011, a JAT suicide bomber detonated explosives in a central Java church, killing himself and wounding dozens of others.
-On March 18, 2012, at least one of five armed men killed by Indonesian counter-terrorist forces in Bali was said to be a member of JAT. The men were killed while awaiting the arrival of prostitutes at a local hotel.
-In 2012, the U.S. Department of State and the United Nations placed sanctions on the organization and named it as a terrorist group.
-In 2012, the group was thought to have approximately 1,500–2,000 members.
-The group remained very active in Indonesia in 2012, and it publicly maintained a website, as of January 2013. Abu Bakar Baasyir’s son, Abdul Rohim Ba’asyir was said to be JAT’s PR Chairman and had worked for al-Qaeda in Afghanistan in 2002.
-In August 2014, the group suffered a split over Abu Bakar Baasyir’s pledge of allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS). Many members of the group, including top leaders, and Baasyir’s sons reportedly disagreed with this decision over ideological reasons and left to form a new group called Jamaah Ansharusy Syariah.