As of early 2017, al-Hebo and al-Khalidi were both under the control and management of Muhamad. During this same timeframe, Muhamad was involved in operating jewelry stores and money exchange/transfer businesses in Istanbul, Urfa, and Gaziantep, Turkey. These businesses operated under[...]
As of late 2017, al-Hebo’s location in Gaziantep, Turkey was involved in an ISIS scheme to convert gold into cash to more efficiently and secretly send funds via hawalas in Turkey to ISIS sleeper cells in Iraq and Syria.
In 2014 al-Rawi pledged loyalty to ISIS and joined the group, which considered al-Rawi important due to his contacts outside of Syria. As of mid-August 2015, al-Rawi facilitated ISIS financial operations and oversaw money exchanges, money storage, and facilitation of payments[...]
The Hanifa Currency Exchange branch in Albu Kamal, Syria was designated for being owned and controlled by al-Rawi, since May 2016. Around 2010, al-Rawi opened this money services business, which he used to exchange currency between exchange houses in Albu Kamal[...]