Established By: Wathiq al-Battat;
Country Of Origin: Iraq;
Leaders: Wathiq al-Battat;
Operational Area: Iraq, Syria;
Involved In: Armed Attacks, Mortar Attacks, Bomb Attacks, Assassinations;
- Kata’ib Hezbollah Kata'ib Hezbollah or Hezbollah Brigades is an Iraqi Shia paramilitary… [+]
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Formed in the 2013 by Wathiq al-Battat (former senior official in the Hezbollah Brigades), Mukhtar Army is a Shi’a Iraqi militia group supported by Iran and operating in Iraq and Syria.
Al-Battat pledged his loyalty to the Supreme Leader of Iran, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. He was arrested briefly on 2 January 2014, but was released despite still being a fugitive.
He was apparently accidentally assassinated at point-blank range on 20 December 2014 at a fake police checkpoint in eastern Iraq by an unknown party.
On 4 February 2013, al-Battat announced the formation of the Mukhtar Army with the stated purpose of protecting Iraq‘s Shi’as, and to assist the government in combating terrorism.
Al-Battat stated that the Mukhtar Army would prevent any Sunnis controlled by al-Qaeda or other militant groups from attempting to topple the Shi’a-led government in Iraq.
In a phone interview with the Associated Press, Al-Battat said that the group receives weapons and other support from the Iranian Regime, and is advised by the Quds Force, a special unit of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) that oversees its external operations.
He describes himself as a follower of the Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who is the Supreme Leader of Iran.
An Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps official dismissed suggestions that it supports any armed group in Iraq, saying that such “claims are aimed at defaming the Guard. We do not see any reason to respond to such baseless claims.”
A spokesperson for the Hezbollah Brigades also distanced his group from al-Battat and the Mukhtar Army, stating that al-Battat “is not affiliated with the Hezbollah Brigades in any way whatsoever.”
Also to mention that Ahmed Abu Risha (head of the Sunni Anbar Salvation Council), argues that the Mukhtar Army was created with Iraqi government consent to silence Sunni-led protests that began in December 2012.
A few days after the group’s formation, the Iraqi government issued an arrest warrant against al-Battat. Speaking on 9 February 2013, Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki called on Iraqi citizens to cooperate with security forces in disclosing the whereabouts of al-Battat in order to arrest him as soon as possible.
Campaign of violence:
Al-Battat stated that the Mukhtar Army was behind the rocket and mortar attack on 9 February 2013 that killed seven members of the Iranian opposition group Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK) housed at Camp Liberty in Baghdad. He threatened with more attacks against the MEK until they leave Iraq.
In mid-February, threatening flyers signed by the Mukhtar Army were placed at Sunni households in Baghdad’s Jihad neighborhood. The leaflets warned enemy Sunnis to leave now or face great agony.
The Mukhtar Army has also threatened that it will liberate Saudi Arabia and target the Mubarak Al Kabeer Port being constructed in Kuwait.
On 21 November 2013, the Mukhtar Army claimed responsibility for six mortar bombs fired into northern Saudi Arabia that landed near a border post. Al-Battat said: “The goal was to send a warning message to the Saudis to tell them that their border stations and patrol are within our range of fire.” He also said he wanted Saudi Arabia to stop interfering with Iraqi affairs.
In an interview aired on 5 February 2013 on the Iraqi Al Sharqiya television channel, al-Battat stated, “Allah willing, we shall annihilate the infidel, atheist Saudi regime, and all the regimes that wage war against Islam, incite their peoples to wage war against Islam and the Prophet Muhammad, and support Israel and the United States.
In an interview aired on 23 October 2013 on the Iraqi Al Sumaria television channel, al-Battat stated: “When it comes to politics, our authority is the leader, Ali Khamenei – I am proud to be a foot soldier in the army of the leader, Sayyed Khamenei.”
He added, “What is important is the common enemies – the Americans and the Israelis. We must confront them with all our force. After we annihilate the Jews, we can deal with domestic matters.